News 2019

Ostrich eggshell beads reveal 10,000 years of cultural interaction across Africa
New archeological analysis challenges long-standing hypotheses about ostrich eggshell beads and the spread of pastoralism in Africa more
Repatriation of Wanniyalaeto (‘Veddah’) remains following ceremony in Edinburgh
"The dead are very important in Wanniyalaeto society," said Chief Wanniya Uruwarige. "This reuniting of spirits and physical remains... is a very special moment for my people." more
<p><strong>Mongolia’s melting ice reveals clues to history of reindeer herding, threatens way of life</strong></p>

Results of horseback surveys of ice patches in northern Mongolia provide the first archaeological insights from the region, revealing fragile organic artifacts previously buried in ice

more
New palaeoecological record from the tropical environments of coastal eastern Africa provides insights into early human adaptations
New study published in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology further encourages a focus on diverse African environments, rather than simply marine or savannah settings, when studying the evolution and dispersal of Homo sapiens. more
<p>New DFG funding awarded to the Paleo-Science &amp; History Group: the SCALoFRAG Project</p>
The Paleo-Science & History Group received major DFG funding (€395k for three years, together with the Byzantinistik at the FU Berlin) from the “Beethoven” Program, which provides funding for integrated Polish-German research projects. On the German side, the project leaders are Prof. Johannes Niehoff-Panagiotidis from the Freie Universität Berlin and Dr. Adam Izdebski from the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History in Jena. more
The first directly dated evidence for Palaeolithic occupation on the Indian coast at Sandhav, Kachchh
New study indicates Middle Palaeolithic people lived near the Indian Ocean coastline over 100,000 years ago, but shared common behaviours with inland populations. more
Department of Archaeology Contributes to the Anthropocene Curriculum
The Mississippi: An Anthropocene River initiative seeks to explore the ecological, historical, and social interactions between humans and the environment across the Mississippi River Basin. Scholars from both sides of the Atlantic are working directly with local and international scientists, social theorists, artists, and activists with interests and backgrounds spanning the biological and social sciences as well as the humanities and visual arts. more
Max Planck Mental Health Awareness Week at the Institute
The Institute will be hosting a variety of events from October 7-10 to bring awareness to these issues, organized by the Mental Health Awareness Week Committee. more
Oldest miniaturized stone toolkits in Eurasia
New study reveals the earliest microliths (small stone tools smaller than 40 millimeters) in South Asia and in any rainforest environment worldwide, alongside tree-dwelling monkeys, other small mammals, and tropical plants in a Sri Lankan Cave. more
<p>Microscopic evidence sheds light on the disappearance of the world’s largest mammals</p>
Understanding the causes and consequences of Late Quaternary megafaunal extinctions is increasingly important in a world of growing human populations and climate change. A new review, led by scholars at the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum and the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, highlights the role that cutting-edge scientific methods can play in broadening the discussions about megafaunal extinction. more
<strong>International Application of Archaeological Science Workshop – 2020</strong>
With the tremendous success of the 2018 and 2019 events, the Department of Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History is now calling for applications for our 2020 International Application of Archaeological Science Workshop. The workshop will be conducted in the Department’s research and laboratory facilities in Jena, Germany. Note that spaces are highly limited and only select applications will be funded. more
One species, many origins
Modern humans evolved in Africa, and we now know that human groups from all over the continent contributed to that process. An international group of scientists says that means it is time to stop arguing about where in Africa humans “really” came from. more
Humboldts lebendiges Erbe in Jena - Neuer Artikel von Patrick Roberts und Robert Spengler
Patrick Roberts and Robert Spengler of the Department of Archaeology discuss the role Jena played on the career and ideas of Alexander von Humboldt and the development of the disciplines of Ecology, Climate Science, and Evolutionary Biology. They highlight how this legacy can still be seen in new research in Jena focused on human interactions with the natural world and our planet's changing environments and species. Read the full article here: more
<p>Patrick Roberts, Stephan Schiffels, and Robert Spengler awarded ERC Starting Grants</p>
The highly competitive grants will allow the recipients to fund research groups on their projects "PANTROPOCENE: Finding a Pre-industrial, Pan-tropical 'Anthropocene'", "MICROSCOPE: Zooming into the Population History of Iron Age Europe with Rare Genetic Variants", and "FEDD: Fruits of Eurasia: Domestication and Dispersal". more
Oshan Wedage receives Sri Lankan President's Award for Scientific Research
Oshan Wedage, a PhD researcher at the Department of Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, has received one of the most prestigious scientific awards in his home country, Sri Lanka. more
Archaeological assessment reveals Earth’s early transformation through land use
Humans caused significant environmental change around the globe by about 3,000-4,000 years ago, much earlier than prior estimates, as revealed by a new international study. more
Biomolekulare Analysen zeigen, einige der mysteriösen Roopkund-Skelette waren mediterraner Herkunft
The lake was thought to be the site of an ancient catastrophic event that left several hundred people dead, but the first ancient whole genome data from India shows that diverse groups of people died at the lake in multiple events approximately 1000 years apart. more
Neues Video: Mongolia Field Work and the Report of the Govi-Altai Cave and Palaeolake Survey
When and how did Homo sapiens succeed in inhabiting Mongolia and adapting to the sometimes extreme environmental conditions? The video shows the work of the archaeologists on site and gives an insight into how the laboratory succeeds in drawing an ever more differentiated and complete picture of the human past from the samples obtained. more
<p>Seasonal Seafood in the Mesolithic: New study reveals humans foraged molluscs in winter for better meat returns</p>

Stable isotope analysis of mollusc reveals that humans seasonally foraged taxa on basis of meat yields in Mesolithic northern Iberia

more
<p><strong>New book "Fruit from the Sands: </strong><strong>The Silk Road Origins of the Foods We Eat" by Dr. Robert N. Spengler III</strong></p>
All of the plants on our kitchen tables have a long and mysterious history. Many of them can trace part of their ancestry back to the ancient Silk Road trade routes. New archaeobotanical data is illustrating how the domestication and dispersal process for the plants unfolded, as presented in Dr. Spengler’s new book. more
Another Department of Archaeology post-doc officially starts a museum research position in the United States of America
The Department of Archaeology is proud to extend our congratulations to Dr. Jillian Swift who has recently started a position as Archaeologist at the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawai’i in the United States. more
Michael Petraglia affiliated with the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Professor Michael Petraglia is a new affiliate of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.  As one of his first teaching assignments he gave a week-long course to one hundred Ph.D. and Master’s level students entitled: "Human Evolution and Climate Change". more
Eleanor Scerri elected a member of Arab-German Young Academy of Sciences and Humanities
The Arab-German Young Academy of Sciences and Humanities (AGYA) was established in 2013 by the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities and the Arabian Gulf University in Bahrain. more
Grazing Animals Drove Domestication of Grain Crops

The ancestral relatives of millets and other small-seeded crops originally evolved to be dispersed by megafaunal grazers of the Pleistocene and earlier epochs, and in some cases later came to rely on pastoral herds to disperse their seeds.

more
<p>Drei wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiter/-innen der Abteilung für Archäologie erhalten tenure-track Positionen in den USA</p>
The Department of Archaeology is proud to announce that three of its current postdoctoral researchers have been awarded tenure track professorships in the United States. more
The Origins of Cannabis Smoking: Marijuana Use in the First Millennium BC
A chemical residue study of incense burners from ancient burials at high elevations in the Pamir Mountains of western China has revealed psychoactive cannabinoids. This study provides some of the earliest clear evidence for the use of cannabis for its psychoactive compounds, and the awareness of higher THC-producing varieties of the plant. more
Rising sea levels have destroyed evidence of shell middens at many prehistoric coastal sites
In examining prehistoric coastal sites on the Arabian Peninsula, researchers found that even large sites have been affected by coastal erosion due to sea-level rise.  Past studies of the diet of coastal populations may now need to be reevaluated given the potential underestimation of shellfish use. more
Dramatic change in ancient pastoralist diets associated with expansion of political networks across the Eurasian steppe
Strengthening of political networks coincided with the intensification of agricultural production, resulting in the widespread adoption of millet by populations across Eurasia. more
"Can sustainability ensure survival?"
Article and radio interview (in German) on Deutschlandfunk on sustainability and the balance between humans and their environment, including Patrick Roberts of the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. more
Menschen nutzten nördliche Migrationsrouten auf dem Weg nach Ostasien
New article suggests wetter climates may have allowed Homo sapiens to expand across the deserts of Central Asia by 50-30,000 years ago. more
Den Ursprüngen des Apfels auf der Spur
Apples originally evolved in the wild to entice ancient megafauna to disperse their seeds. More recently, humans began spreading the trees along the Silk Road with other familiar crops. Dispersing the apple trees led to their domestication. more
Extreme events in biological, societal and earth systems
Date & Time: Jun. 6, 2019, 14:00
Speaker: Huw Groucutt
Max Planck Research Group Extreme Events
Please note the location: MPI for Biogeochemistry, Jena more
DA Workshop: New Frontiers in Anthropocene Archaeology
Date: May 9-10, 2019
Room: Villa V14
Host: Department of Archaeology more
Distinguished Lecture by Prof. Fiona Marshall: "Ancient herders enriched and restructured African grasslands"
Date & Time: May 3, 2019, 13:30
Speaker: Prof. Fiona Marshall, Washington University in St. Louis
Room: Villa V14
Host: Department of Archaeology more
<p>William Taylor awarded Popejoy Dissertation Prize by University of New Mexico</p>
The award, given annually to recognize the highest level of academic excellence among doctoral students, honors the late Tom L. Popejoy, former President of the University of New Mexico. more
DA Workshop: Food Security in Flux: Archaeological Methods for Economic Sustainability
Date: May 2-3, 2019
Room: Villa V14
Host: Department of Archaeology more
Baumringe als Zeugen menschlicher Geschichte: Bäume in Amazonien offenbaren vorkoloniale menschliche Einflussnahme<strong><br /></strong>
New study shows that tropical trees act as a living record of past human activity in the Amazon. more
Vielen Dank an alle Teilnehmer/-innen unseres International Application of Archaeological Science Workshops!
Many thanks to all of the participants of the 2019 International Application of Archaeological Science Workshop for making this such a successful event! Watch the video at the link for a review of this year's training program. We look forward to next year! more
Der Aufbruch des Menschen – GEO berichtet über die Forschung der Abteilung für Archäologie
Dr. Patrick Roberts and Prof. Michael Petraglia of the Department of Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History feature in this month’s issue of GEO for their work on Homo sapiens’ adaptations and migration routes out of Africa. more
Resilienz, Umweltveränderung und Gesellschaft - Perspektiven aus der Geschichte und Vorgeschichte
PS&H (formerly ByzRes), the Department of Archaeology and Princeton University co-host annual Climate Change and History Research Initiative (CCHRI) 2019 Colloquium, which aims to bring together for the first time interdisciplinary projects on climate and environmental change that work on two different “human pasts”: history and prehistory. more
Workshop: Anthropocene. Archaeology of the Present
Researchers from four world-renowned institutions meet at the ancient city of Cahokia to discuss the factors that led to the Anthropocene. more
Vast record of past climate fluctuations now available thanks to laser imaging of shells
Refined techniques for laser imaging of shell growth rings are tapping into previously hidden data of marine climate change. By examining human and ecological responses to those changes, researchers can learn more about what to expect from climate change in the future. more
Die Affenjäger: Die Besiedlung des südasiatischen Regenwaldes ging mit der Jagd auf Affen einher
New study provides direct evidence for the hunting of tree-dwelling monkeys and other small mammals by Homo sapiens 45,000 years ago in the rainforest of Sri Lanka. more
<h1>Distinguished Lecture by Sabine Reinhold: "Bridging Eurasia and the Near East - Recent developments in the archaeology of the Caucasus"</h1>
Date & Time: 27 February 2019, 3pm
Speaker: Sabine Reinhold
Room: Villa V14
Host: Department of Archeology more
<h1>International Applications of Archaeological Sciences 2019</h1>

Participants from around the world will attend to learn about the latest cutting-edge techniques in archaeological science.
Date: 20-31 March 2019
Host: Department of Archaeology

more
"Mongolian-American Joint Northern Mongolian Archaeology Project" wins Research Project of the Year at the Mongolian Archaeology Conference 2018
The joint project, which includes MPI-SHH researchers William Taylor and Nils Vanwezer, explores Mongolia’s earliest prehistory, from the Paleolithic through the first pastoral peoples of the Bronze Age. more
"What New Insights Can Archeology Provide Into <em>Homo sapiens’</em> Emergence from Africa?"
In a new video from Latest Thinking, Michael Petraglia describes his research, which includes the use of satellite imagery to identify ancient rivers and lakes in present-day desert regions, and demonstrates that modern humans emerged from Africa much earlier than previously thought. more
DA Workshop: Global Markers of the Anthropocene

Date: 18-20 February 2019
Location: Haus der Kulturen der Welt, Berlin
Organized by the Department of Archaeology

more
Was können wir lernen, indem wir die erste Besiedlung der tropischen Wälder durch <em>Homo sapiens</em> erforschen?
For a long time the tropical forest has been assumed to represent an environment inhospitable to humans. In a new video by Latest Thinking Patrick Roberts explains why he challenges this view. more
New studies reveal deep history of Denisovans and Neanderthals in southern Siberia
More than 150 new dates provide the first robust chronology for Denisova Cave, the only site in the world known to have been occupied by both Neanderthals, Denisovans, and later by modern humans. more
Distinguished Lecture by Katerina Harvati-Papatheodorou: "Neanderthals and early modern humans: New results from the lab and field"
Date & Time: February 6, 2019, 16:00
Speaker: Prof. Dr. Katerina Harvati-Papatheodorou
Room: Villa V14
Host: Department of Archaeology more
Im Pleistozän besiedelten Hominine unterschiedliche Lebensräume in Südostasien und Ozeanien
New review compares the regional adaptations of humans and those of other hominin species to add support to the argument that our species is ecologically unique. more
Professorships at The University of Queensland Awarded to Nicole Boivin and Michael Petraglia
The Honorary Professorships were awarded in the School of Social Science, The University of Queensland, Australia, with which the Department of Archaeology already enjoys close collaborative relationships. more
New book "Tropical Forests in Prehistory, History, and Modernity" reveals long-term human use and habitation of critically endangered habitats
This new text is the first to bring together evidence for the nature of human interactions with tropical forests on a global scale, from the emergence of hominins in the tropical forests of Africa to modern conservation issues. more
Go to Editor View