Veranstaltungen (Auswahl)

Gastgeber: Abteilung Archäologie
Exploring the long durée of Central Asian prehistory through cross-disciplinary approaches and methodologies. [mehr]

Epizoötic Challenges to Pastoral Expansion in Africa: Minding the “Bovine Gap”

Distinguished Lecturer Seminar Series
In two spatiotemporally separate cases in sub-Saharan Africa, small domestic livestock appear around 1000 years before cattle. South of Lake Turkana (eastern Africa), sparse domestic caprines and Lake Turkana ceramics of the Nderit tradition appear c. 4000 BP, nearly 1000 years before the first evidence for cattle. In southern Africa, sheep date to nearly 2200 BP, centuries before evidence for cattle. In 2000, I proposed that African savannas presented novel disease challenges to cattle pastoralism. Sleeping sickness (trypanosomiasis) is a continental-scale risk in brushy areas, but wildebeest-borne malignant catarrhal fever (WD-MCF) and East Coast Fever (ECF) attack cattle in the grasslands that they favor. WD-MCF has a nearly 100% death rate in exposed cattle, and ECF, probably originating with an earlier transmission of Theileria parva from African buffalo to cattle, kills 20% of each cattle cohort. Infection risk is heightened by the three species’ overlapping forage and water requirements. Pastoralists may have exacerbated cattle herds’ vulnerability to infection through anthropogenic savanna expansion. This hypothesis could be falsified by finds of cattle dating to the “Bovine Gap” timespans in either region. As a test, I reviewed 2000-2015 East African archaeofaunal evidence, plus fauna from a stratified site south of Nairobi, GvJm44, yielding Nderit pottery in its lower level. I report these results and discuss how infectious disease genomics might offer finer resolution of routes and times of initial transmission of several wild ungulate diseases to livestock. [mehr]

Green Arabia Drilling

DA Workshop
Interdisziplinäre Forschung zu Klima- und Umweltveränderungen und ihr Einfluss auf die Verbreitung des Menschen im Quartär auf der Basis von Sedimentkernen aus dem Jubbah-Paläosee (Saudi-Arabien). Organisatoren: Dr. Florian Ott und Prof. Michael Petraglia. [mehr]

Millet Agriculture, Material Culture and Organic Residue Analysis

Distinguished Lecturer Seminar Series

Biologische Marker des Wandels in Südostasien und der Inselwelt Südostasiens

DA Workshop
Despite widespread acknowledgement that Island Southeast Asia (ISEA) has been an important link between Southeast Asia and the Southern Hemisphere for at least 50,000 years, little is known about interactions both within ISEA and with Mainland Southeast Asia to the north, and Sahul (Australia and New Guinea) to the south. Due to the tropical climate of the Southeast and Island Southeast Asia region, organic materials are rarely preserved and traditional archaeological techniques have not been particularly successful when it comes to understanding how people interacted with and within their environments. In this workshop we will be discussing novel and innovative methodologies and ideas that might be applied to the region, while highlighting recent findings that have already employed some of these techniques such as genomic, isotopic, lipid, microparticle and proteomic analyses. [mehr]

Survival and utility of ancient proteins in archaeology

Distinguished Lecturer Seminar Series
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