Distinguished Lecturer Seminar Series

11171 1507722306

Epizoötic Challenges to Pastoral Expansion in Africa: Minding the “Bovine Gap”

In two spatiotemporally separate cases in sub-Saharan Africa, small domestic livestock appear around 1000 years before cattle. South of Lake Turkana (eastern Africa), sparse domestic caprines and Lake Turkana ceramics of the Nderit tradition appear c. 4000 BP, nearly 1000 years before the first evidence for cattle. In southern Africa, sheep date to nearly 2200 BP, centuries before evidence for cattle. In 2000, I proposed that African savannas presented novel disease challenges to cattle pastoralism. Sleeping sickness (trypanosomiasis) is a continental-scale risk in brushy areas, but wildebeest-borne malignant catarrhal fever (WD-MCF) and East Coast Fever (ECF) attack cattle in the grasslands that they favor. WD-MCF has a nearly 100% death rate in exposed cattle, and ECF, probably originating with an earlier transmission of Theileria parva from African buffalo to cattle, kills 20% of each cattle cohort. Infection risk is heightened by the three species’ overlapping forage and water requirements. Pastoralists may have exacerbated cattle herds’ vulnerability to infection through anthropogenic savanna expansion. This hypothesis could be falsified by finds of cattle dating to the “Bovine Gap” timespans in either region. As a test, I reviewed 2000-2015 East African archaeofaunal evidence, plus fauna from a stratified site south of Nairobi, GvJm44, yielding Nderit pottery in its lower level. I report these results and discuss how infectious disease genomics might offer finer resolution of routes and times of initial transmission of several wild ungulate diseases to livestock. [more]

DA Workshop

10762 1502451738

Green Arabia Drilling

Interdisciplinary research on Quaternary climate and environmental changes and their effects on human dispersals based on sediment cores from the Jubbah palaeolake basin (Saudi Arabia). Organized by Florian Ott and Michael Petraglia. [more]

Distinguished Lecturer Seminar Series

10780 1502451801

Talk by Prof. Oliver Craig

"Millet Agriculture, Material Culture and Organic Residue Analysis” [more]

Eurasia3angle talk

10808 1502822816

Talk by Hideaki Kanzawa-Kiriyama

Genomic insights into the relationship between ancient Japanese and modern East Eurasians [more]

Distinguished Lecturer Seminar Series

10380 1499842111

Talk by Beverly Strassmann

Religious Control of Sexuality Increases Paternity Certainty: A longterm study of the Dogon of Mali [more]

DA Workshop

10125 1498041000

Biological Markers of Change in Southeast and Island Southeast Asia

Despite widespread acknowledgement that Island Southeast Asia (ISEA) has been an important link between Southeast Asia and the Southern Hemisphere for at least 50,000 years, little is known about interactions both within ISEA and with Mainland Southeast Asia to the north, and Sahul (Australia and New Guinea) to the south. Due to the tropical climate of the Southeast and Island Southeast Asia region, organic materials are rarely preserved and traditional archaeological techniques have not been particularly successful when it comes to understanding how people interacted with and within their environments. In this workshop we will be discussing novel and innovative methodologies and ideas that might be applied to the region, while highlighting recent findings that have already employed some of these techniques such as genomic, isotopic, lipid, microparticle and proteomic analyses. [more]

Distinguished Lecturer Seminar Series

10315 1497702657

Matt Sponheimer - Early Hominin Diet: Where are we and where do we go from here?

Distinguished Lecturer Seminar Series [more]

Distinguished Lecturer Seminar Series

9171 1493902843

Forsche Schüler Project

With the 'Forsche Schüler' project, 'School Scientists' from the 8th year onwards can look behind the scenes of research and ‘try out’ science. Students (8th grade onwards) can get insights in the science of human history by listening to talks and doing small experiments and tests. [more]

Distinguished Lecturer Seminar Series

9471 1491811611

Talk by Michael Richards

Using isotopes to track past human migrations [more]

Distinguished Lecturer Seminar Series

Distinguished Lecturer Seminar Series

Distinguished Lecturer Seminar Series

8413 1487581295

Survival and utility of ancient proteins in archaeology


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