News 2020

The Aroma of Distant Worlds

December 21, 2020
Exotic Asian spices such as turmeric and fruits like the banana had already reached the Mediterranean more than 3000 years ago, much earlier than previously thought. A team of international researchers in Germany and the US has shown that even in the Bronze Age, long-distance trade in food was already connecting distant societies. (Press release of Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich) more

Archaelogy Magazine has selected the study "Origin and health status of first-generation Africans from early colonial Mexico" as one of the ten most exciting archaeological research papers of 2020.

scobel: Geheimnis DNA - was sie über uns verrät
Johannes Krause, Director at MPI-EVA and Acting Head of the Department of Archaeogenetics at MPI-SHH in an interview with Gert Scobel (ZDF) about the fact that races do not exist, the role that pandemics have played in human history - and what all this may have to do with the current pandemic. (Video in German) more
The Rise of Altai Mountain Pastoralism Project (RAMPP) will investigate the enigmatic Afanasievo culture in the Altai region and the spread of dairying and herding practices more
In a new study published in Cell, researchers seek to understand the genetic, sociopolitical and cultural changes surrounding the formation of the eastern Eurasian Steppe’s historic empires. The study analyzes genome-wide data for 214 ancient individuals spanning 6,000 years and discusses the genetic and cultural changes that preceded the rise of the Xiongnu and Mongol nomadic pastoralist empires. more
To what extent does climate impact human behavior? more
New research proves the feasibility of retrieving bacterial DNA from ancient latrines more
The award for outstanding research contributions and achievements concerning human origins and evolution will be presented on September 25, 2020 by the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei more
Remains of 17th Century Bishop Support Neolithic Emergence of Tuberculosis
August 14, 2020 - Bishop Peder Winstrup of Lund, Sweden passed away in the winter of 1679 at the age of 74 and was interred in a crypt at Lund Cathedral. Three centuries later, his astonishingly well-preserved remains provide insights to the origins of tuberculosis. more
Syphilis May Have Spread Through Europe Before Columbus
August 13, 2020 - Press Release with the University of Zurich more
Latest Trends in Archaeogenetic Research of West Eurasians
June 30, 2020 - Iñigo Olalde and Cosimo Posth describe where the field of Archaeogenetics in Europe and the Near East is heading, as has become apparent over the last two years of research more
Mixture and Migration Brought Food Production to sub-Saharan Africa
June 12, 2020 - Ancient DNA documents the population changes of foragers, herders and farmers in central and eastern Africa from the Neolithic to the Iron Age more
A Tropical Disease in Medieval Europe Revises the History of a Pathogen Related to Syphilis
June 11, 2020 - Genomic analysis of plague victims from a mass burial in Lithuania identifies a medieval woman who was also infected with yaws – a disease today found only in the tropics more
Ancient Genomic Insights Into the Early Peopling of the Caribbean
June 04, 2020 - According to a new study, an international team of researchers from the Caribbean, Europe and North America, the Caribbean was settled by several successive population dispersals that originated on the American mainland. more
Heightened Interaction Between Neolithic Migrants and Hunter-Gatherers in Western Europe

May 29, 2020 - Analyzing the first archaeogenetic data from the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition in Western Europe, a team of French and German researchers documents levels of admixture between expanding early Neolithic farmers and local hunter-gatherers seen nowhere else in Europe.

Menschliche Mobilität und die frühen Staaten im Vorderen Orient
Mai 28, 2020 - Archaeogenomic analysis of Anatolia, Northern Levant and the Southern Caucasus sheds light on population dynamics from the Neolithic to Bronze Age. more
<p>Oldest Connection with Native Americans Identified Near Lake Baikal in Siberia</p>
May 20, 2020 - Newly sequenced genomes from prehistoric hunter-gatherers in the region of Lake Baikal reveal connections with First Americans and across Eurasia more
<p>African Skeletons from Early Colonial Mexico Tell the Story of First Generation Slaves</p>
Apr. 30, 2020 - An interdisciplinary study into the origins and health status of three African skeletons unearthed in Mexico shows evidence of forced migration, physical trauma, and the introduction of infectious diseases from Africa. more
<p>Alte Genome deuten auf Parallelgesellschaften in der Schweizer Steinzeit hin</p>
Genetic analysis of 96 ancient individuals traces the arrival and demographic structure of peoples with Steppe-related ancestry into late Neolithic, early Bronze Age Switzerland. more
Die Herkunft der Fäkalien
Apr. 17, 2020 - CoproID Reliably Predicts Sources of Ancient Poop more
<span>Susanna Sabin receives 2019 Dieter Rampacher Prize </span>
Apr. 3, 2020 - For her outstanding dissertation titled “Insights into microbial evolution and ecology from genetic analysis of diverse archaeological materials,” Dr. Susanna Sabin, 25, will be awarded the 2019 Dieter Rampacher Prize of the Max Planck Society. more
Oldest reconstructed bacterial genomes link farming, herding with emergence of new disease
Febr. 24, 2020 - Scientists present the first ancient DNA that links the spread of farming culture in ancient Eurasia to the emergence of human-adapted pathogens more
Ancient DNA from Sardinia reveals the genetic footprints of changing connectivity across the Mediterranean over six thousand years
Febr. 20, 2020 - Analysis of ancient DNA details the population history of the Italian island, providing new insight into its unique history and ancestral connections to other peoples of the Mediterranean more
Cross departmental workshop: Reproducible Research and Data Management workshop
Date: Jan 29 - 30, 2020
Location: MPI-SHH Jena
Room: Villa V14
Organizers: Johann-Mattis List, Alexander Hübner, Maxime Borry, Christoph Rzymski, Robert Forkel, and Clemens Schmid more
Solving an ancient dairy mystery could help cure modern food ills

Jan 27, 2020 - HORIZON magazine’s Science in Society takes a close look at research by Professor Christina Warinner and the DAIRYCULTURES group at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, revealing how ancient dairy products can help us understand the rise in food intolerance and allergies

Die "exakten Wissenschaften" und die Mittelalterforschung - Round Table des MPI-SHH und des Historischen Instituts der FSU Jena
Jan. 9, 2020 - The Paleo-Science & History Group (with the support of the Department of Archaeogenetics) is organising a joint workshop with the Institute of History of the University of Jena (FSU) on the applications of scientific methods to the study of the Middle Ages.
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