The Archaeolinguistic Research Group is the successor to the former Eurasia3angle Group,headed by Martine Robbeets at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.The Group works on late human prehistory, integrating archaeological, genetic and linguistic evidence to reconstruct various aspects of human evolution and culture. Special focus is on the languages of North and East Asia, the Transeurasian languages in particular. 

Transeurasian

The term “Transeurasian” refers to a large group of geographically adjacent languages, stretching from the Pacific in the East to the Baltic and the Mediterranean in the West, that include up to five well-established linguistic families: Japonic, Koreanic, Tungusic, Mongolic, and Turkic. Although most linguists would agree that these languages are historically related, they disagree on the precise nature of this relationship: are all similarities generated by borrowing or are some residues of inheritance?

Although most linguists would agree that these languages are historically related, they disagree on the precise nature of this relationship: are all similarities generated by borrowing or are some residues of inheritance?

Key Objective

Geneticist Ning Chao at work at the Neolithic Banlashan site in Liaoning

The origin and early dispersal of speakers of Transeurasian languages is among the most disputed issues of Eurasian population history. The Archaeolinguistic Research Group addresses this question from an interdisciplinary perspective. Our key objective is to integrate linguistic, archaeological and genetic evidence in a single approach, for which we use the term “Triangulation”.

New questions are emerging from this classification: Who were the ancestral speakers of proto-Transeurasian? Where and when did these people originally live? When did the ancestral language separate into its main branches? What triggered the split? In which directions did the dispersals go? When and how did the languages reach their present locations?

Results so far

Archaeologist Mark Hudson at work at Nagabaka site on Miyako Island

The Archaeolinguistic Research Group is the successor to the former Eurasia3angle Group “Millet and beans, language and genes. The origin and dispersal of the Transeurasian family”, which was funded by an ERC Consolidator Grant from 2015 to 2021.  

So far, we reported new, wide-ranging datasets from these disciplines, including the most comprehensive Transeurasian agropastoral and basic vocabulary presented to date, an archaeological database of 255 Neolithic and Bronze Age sites from Northeast Asia, and the first collection of ancient genomes from Korea, the Ryukyu islands and early cereal farmers in Japan, complementing previously published genomes from East Asia. Challenging the traditional ‘Pastoralist Hypothesis’, we showed that the common ancestry and primary dispersals of Transeurasian languages can be traced back to the first farmers moving across Northeast Asia from the Early Neolithic onwards, but that this shared heritage has been masked by extensive cultural interaction since the Bronze Age. By combining evidence from archaeology, genetics and linguistics, we showed that the early spread of Transeurasian speakers was driven by agriculture.

Outcome

Our Archaeolinguistic Research Group has published over 100 publications. A list is included here:

 

  • (1) Bouckaert, R. & Robbeets, M. (2017). Pseudo Dollo models for the evolution of binary characters along a tree. BioRxiv  [pdf]​
  • (2) Cui, Y., Zhang, F., Ma, P., Fan, L., Ning, C., Zhang, Q., Zhang, W., Wang, L. & Robbeets, M. (2020). “Bioarchaeological perspective on the expansion of Transeurasian languages in Neolithic Amur River basin”. Evolutionary Human Sciences 2, e15, 1-13.  [pdf]
  • (3) Drennan, R. D., Peterson, C. E., Lu, X. & Li, T. (2017). "Hongshan households and communities in Neolithic northeastern China". Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 47, 50-71. doi:10.1016/j.jaa.2017.03.002.   [pdf]
  • (4) Fagan, G., Fibiger, L., Hudson, M. J. & Trundle, M. (eds.) (2020). The Cambridge World History of Violence, Vol. 1: Prehistory and Antiquity(Cambridge University Press) 
  • (5) Fan Zhang , Chao Ning , Ashley Scott , Qiaomei Fu , Rasmus Bjørn , Wenying Li , Dong Wei , Wenjun Wang , Linyuan Fan , Idilisi Abuduresule , Xingjun Hu , Qiurong Ruan , Alipujiang Niyazi , Guanghui Dong , Peng Cao , Feng Liu , Qingyan Dai , Xiaotian Feng , Ruowei Yang , Zihua Tang , Pengcheng Ma , chunxiang Li , Shizhu Gao , Yang Xu , Sihao Wu , Shaoqing Wen , Hong Zhu , Hui Zhou , Martine Robbeets , Vikas Kumar , Johannes Krause , Christina Warinner, Yinqiu Cui & Choongwon Jeong (under review) The genomic origins of the Bronze Age Tarim Basin mummies. Nature.  
  • (6) Fibiger, L., Hudson, M. J. & Trundle, M. (2020). "Introduction". In  G. Fagan, Linda Fibiger, Matthew Trundle and Mark Hudson (eds.), The Cambridge World History of Violence, Vol. 1: Prehistory and Antiquity pp. 19-36 (Cambridge University Press).  
  • (7) Gao, S., Ning, C., Zhang, F., Wu, S., Wu, X., Fan, L., Dongwei, Li, W. & Y. Cui. (submitted). "Ancient Mitochondrial Genomic Insight into the Genetic History of the Pamir Plateau". Journal of Archaeological Science
  • (8) Hoover, K. C., & Hudson, M. J. (2019). "Hunter-gatherer adaptation and resilience: a bioarchaeological perspective / Daniel H. Temple and Christopher M. Stojanowski. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 1-3, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1002/ajpa.23948.  [pdf]
  • (9) Hudson, M. J. (2019). "Introduction: The great wave of the Anthropocene". In Y. Yasuda & M. J. Hudson (eds.), Multidisciplinary Studies of the Environment and Civilization: Japanese Perspectives (Paperback edition), pp. 1-12. Abingdon: Routledge.
  • (10) Hudson, M. J. (2019). "Global environmental justice and the natural environment in Japanese archaeology". In Y. Yasuda & M. J.Hudson (eds.), Multidisciplinary Studies of the Environment and Civilization: Japanese Perspectives (Paperback edition), pp. 159-181. Abingdon: Routledge ​
  • (11) Hudson, M. J. (2019). Review of Animism in Contemporary Japan: Voices for the Anthropocene from Post-Fukushima Japan by S. Yoneyama. Anthropological Notebooks, XXV: 189-192. [pdf]​
  • (12) Hudson, M. J. (in press). "The Okhotsk culture and the frontiers of Japanese prehistory", in G. Crawford et al. (eds.), Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of China, Korea and Japan. [pdf]
  • (13) Hudson, M. J. (2019) "Towards a prehistory of the Great Divergence: the Bronze Age roots of Japan’s premodern economy", Documenta Praehistorica, XLVI: 3-43. doi: 10.4312\dp.46.2 (MPI affiliation/ ERC acknowledgement) [pdf]  
  • (14) Hudson, M. J. (2019) "Socio-ecological resilience and language dynamics: An adaptive cycle model of long-term language change". Journal of Language Evolution 4(1): 19-27   [pdf]  
  • (15) Hudson, M. J. (2020). "Slouching Toward the Neolithic: Complexity, Simplification and Resilience in the Japanese Archipelago", In Gwen Schug (ed.) Routledge Handbook of the Bioarchaeology of Environmental Change, pp. 379-395. Routledge.  [pdf]
  • (16) Hudson, M. J., Schulting, R., & Gilaizeau, L. (2020) “The origins of violence and warfare in the Japanese Islands”. In G. Fagan et al. (eds.), The Cambridge World History of ViolenceVol. 1: Prehistory and Antiquity (Cambridge University Press) pp. 160-177   [pdf]  
  • (17) Hudson, M. J. (2020). “Language dispersals and the “Secondary Peoples’ Revolution”: a historical anthropology of the Transeurasian unity”. In M. Robbeets & A. Savelyev (eds), The Oxford Guide to the Transeurasian Languages, pp. 806-813Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/oso/9780198804628.003.0048 [pdf]
  • (18) Hudson, Mark & Robbeets, Martine (2020). Archaeolinguistic evidence for the farming/language dispersal of Koreanic. Evolutionary Human Sciences 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1017/ehs.2020.49  
  • (19)  Mark Hudson, Ilona Bausch, Martine Robbeets, Tao Li1, J. Alyssa White, Linda Gilaizeau (2021). ‘Bronze Age Globalisation and Eurasian Impacts on Later Jōmon Social Change’, Journal of World Prehistory
  • (20) M. Hudson (in press) ‘Dragon divers and clamorous fishermen: Bronzisation and transcultural marine spaces in the Japanese archipelago’, in S. Autiero and M. Cobb (eds.), Globalization and Transculturality from Antiquity to the Pre-modern World. Routledge. 
  • (21) Hudson, M. J., Uchiyama, J., Kawashima, T., Lindström, K., Reader, I., Kawashima, T. D., Martin, D., Gillam, C., Gilaizeau, L., Bausch, L., Hoover, K. C. (manuscript). "Global processes of anthropogenesis characterise the early Anthropocene in the Japanese Islands"
  • ​(22) J.A. White, G. Burgess, M. Nakatsukasa, M. Hudson, J. Pouncett, S. Kusaka, M. Yoneda, Y. Yamada, R. Schulting  (2021) 3,000-year-old shark attack victim from Tsukumo shell-mound, Okayama, Japan. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. 
  • (23) K. Okazaki, H. Takamuku, Y. Kawakubo, M. Hudson, J. Chen. (2021) Cranial morphometric analysis of early wet-rice farmers in the Yangtze river delta of China. Anthropological Science.  
  • (24) R. Fernandes, M. Hudson, H. Takamiya, J-P. Bassino, J. Uchiyama and M. Robbeets. (2021)  The ARCHIPELAGO archaeological isotope database for the Japanese islands. Journal of Open Archaeology Data
  • (25) Hudson, M. J. (under contract) Bronze Age Maritime and Warrior Dynamics in Island East Asia (Cambridge University Press) 
  • (26) Hudson, M. J. (in press)  ‘Globalisation and the historical evolution of Japanese fisheries’, in J. Cassidy, I. Ponkratova and B. Fitzhugh (eds.), Maritime Prehistory of Northeast Asia. Springer. 
  • (27) Hübler, N. (2020). "Typological profile of the Transeurasian languages from a quantitative perspective". In M. Robbeets A. Savelyev(eds), The Oxford Guide to the Transeurasian Languages, pp. 145-159. Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/oso/9780198804628.003.0012  [pdf]
  • (28) Jeong, C., Wilkin, S., Amgalantugs, T., Bouwman, A., Taylor, W., Hagan, R., Bromage, S., Tsolmon, S., Trachsel, C., Grossmann, J., Littleton, J., Makarewicz, C., Krigbaum, J., Burri, M., Scott, A., Davaasambuu, G., Wright, J., Irmer, F., Myagmar, E., Boivin, N., Robbeets, M., Rühli, F., Krause, J., Frohlich, B., Hendy, J. & Warinner, C. (2018). "Bronze Age population dynamics and the rise of dairy pastoralism on the eastern Eurasian steppe". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 11511248–11255 www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1813608115  [pdf]
  • (29) Jeong, C., Balanovsky, E., Balanovsky, O., Flegontov, P., Flegontova, O., Kahbatkyzy, N., Khussainova, E., Djansugurova, L., Immel, A., WangC. C.Robbeets, M., Reich, D., Schiffels, S., Haak, W. & Krause, J. (2019). "The genetic history of admixture across inner Eurasia". Nature Ecolology & Evolution 3, 966–976.  [pdf] https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-019-0878-2
  • (30) Jeong, C.Ning, C. Wang, C.C. (2020). "Transeurasian unity from a population-genetic perspective". In M. Robbeets & A. Savelyev(ed.), The Oxford Guide to the Transeurasian Languages, pp. 784-793. Oxford: University Press. doi: 10.1093/oso/9780198804628.003.0046 [pdf]
  • (31) Joo, I. (2019) "Phonosemantic biases found in Leipzig-Jakarta lists of 66 languages". Linguistic Typology, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1515/lingty-2019-0030
  •     [pdf]
  • (32) Joo, I (2021) The etymology of Korean ssal ‘uncooked grain’ and pap ‘cooked grain’. East Asian Languages and Linguistics 50: 94-110. doi:10.1163/19606028-bja10013  
  • (33) Li, T. (2020). "Transeurasian unity from an archaeological perspective". In M. Robbeets & A. Savelyev (eds.),The Oxford Guide to the Transeurasian Languages, pp. 794-805. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/oso/9780198804628.003.0047  ) [pdf]
  • (34) Li, T. (2019). ““Specialization” in the production of bottomless painted Hongshan pottery cylinders”. Northern Cultural Relics 2019(1): 22-31. [in Chinese] [pdf]
  • (35) Li, T. (2019). “Early millets in the Primorye Province of the Russian Far East”. Research of China’s Frontier Archaeology 25, 309-321 [in Chinese] [pdf]
  • (36) Li, T., Hudson, M. J.Ning, C., Zhushchikhovskaya, I. S. & Robbeets, M. (2020). "Millet agriculture dispersed from Northeast China to the Russian Far East: Integrating archaeology, genetics, and linguistics". Archaeological Research in Asia 22: 100177. doi:10.1016/j.ara.2020.100177 [pdf].   
  • (37) Ma, Pengcheng, Xuan Yang, Shi Yan, Chunxiang Li, Shizhu Gao, Binghua Han, Kan Hou, Martine Robbeets, Lan-Hai Wei, Yinqiu Cui (in press). Ancient Y-DNA with reconstructed phylogeny provide insights into the demographic history of paternal haplogroup N1a2-F1360. Journal of Genetics and Genomics
  • (38) Nakagome, S., Hudson, M. J. & Whitman, J. (2020). "The evolving Japanese: the dual structure hypothesis at 30". Evolutionary Human Sciences 2, e6,1-13. doi:10.1017/ehs.2020.6 [pdf]   
  • (39) Nakajima, T., Hudson, M. J., Uchiyama, J., Makibayashi, K. & Zhang, J. (2019). "Common carp aquaculture in Neolithic China dates back 8000 years", Nature Ecology and Evolution 3(10), 1415-1418. [pdf]   https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-019-0974-3
  • (40) Nelson, S., Zhushchikhoskaya, I., Li, T.Hudson, M. J. & Robbeets, M. (2020). "Tracing population movements in ancient East Asia through the linguistics and archaeology of textile production". Evolutionary Human Sciences, 2, e5, 1-20. doi:10.1017/ehs.2020.4  [pdf]
  • (41) Ning, C., Fernandes, D., Wang, K., Wang, L., Sirak, K., Wu, X., Zhang, F., Siska, V., Xiao, Robbeets, M., X., Manica, A., Lalueza-Fox, C., Schiffels, S., Fletongov, P., Pinhasi, R. & Cui, Y. "A human genomic time transect of Northeast China dating back to 12000 years ago"  
  • (42) Ning, C., Wang, CC., Gao, S., Yang, Y., Zhang, X., Wu, X., Zhang, F., Nie, Z., Tang, Y., Robbeets, M., Ma, J., Krause, J., & Cui, Y. (2019). "Ancient Genomes Reveal Yamnaya-Related Ancestry and a Potential Source of Indo-European Speakers in Iron Age Tianshan" (2019). CurrentBiology. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2019.06.044 [MPI affiliation/ ERC acknowlegement] [pdf]  
  • (43) Ning, C., Li, Tianjiao, Wang, K., Zhang, F., Li, Tao, Wu, X., Gao, S., Zhang, Q., Zhang, H., Hudson, M. J., Dong, G., Wu, S., Fang, Y., Liu, C., Feng, C., Li, W., Han, T., Li, R., Wei, J.,  Zhu, Y.,  Zhou, Y., Wang, C. C.,  Fan, S., Xiong, Z.,  Sun, Z., Ye, M., Sun, L., Wu, X., Liang, F., Cao, Y., Wei, X., Zhu, H.,  Zhou, H., Krause, J., Robbeets, M.Jeong, C., & Cui, Y. (2020). Ancient genomes from Northern China suggest links between subsistence changes and human migration. Nature Communications 11(1), 1-9. doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-16557-2 [pdf]   
  • (44) Ning, Chao, Fan Zhang, Yanpeng Cao, Ling Qin, Mark J. Hudson, Shizhu Gao, Pengcheng Ma, Wei Li, Shuzheng Zhu, Tianjiao Li, Yang Xu, Chunxiang Li, Robbeets Martine, Hai Zhang, Yinqiu Cui. Ancient genome analyses shed light on kinship organization and marriage strategy of Late Neolithic society in China. (under review)  Nature Human Behavior   
  • (45) Ning, Chao, Daniel Fernandes, Piya Changmai , Olga Flegontova, Eren Yüncü, Robert Maier, Nefize Altınışık , Alexei Kassian , Johannes Krause, Carles Lalueza-Fox, Andrea Manica, Ben Potter, Martine Robbeets, Kendra Sirak, Veronika Siska, Edward Vajda, Leonid Vyazov, Ke Wang , Lixin Wang, Xiyan Wu , Xiaoming Xiao, Fan Zhang , David Reich, Stephan Schiffels, Ron Pinhasi, Yinqiu Cui & Pavel Flegontov (under review) Genomic formation of First American ancestors in East and Northeast Asia. Science Advances  
  • (46) Oskolskaya, S. (2020). "Nanai and the Southern Tungusic languages”. In M. Robbeets & A. Savelyev (eds.), The Oxford Guide to the Transeurasian Languages, pp. 305-320. doi: 10.1093/oso/9780198804628.003.0020  [pdf]​
  • (47) Oskolskaya, S. Robbeets, M. (in press). "Proto-Tungusic in time and space". Linguistic Discovery
  • (48) Oskolskaya, S., Robbeets, M. & Koile, E. (2021). "A Bayesian approach to Tungusic classification". Diachronica 
  • (49) Pollard, N., Galvaan, R., Hudson, M., Kåhlin, I., Ikiugu, M., Roschnik, S., Shann, S.,  & Whittaker, B. (2020). Sustainability in occupational therapypractice, education and scholarship. World Federation of Occupational Therapists Bulletin. doi: 10.1080/14473828.2020.1733756  [pdf]
  • (50) Robbeets, M. & Savelyev, A. (eds.) (2017). Language Dispersal Beyond Farming. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. [pdf
  • (51) Robbeets, M. & Savelyev, A. (eds.). (2020). The Oxford Guide to the Transeurasian Languages. Oxford University Press.  
  • (52) Robbeets, M. & Savelyev, A. (eds.). (2020). "Introduction". In M. Robbeets & A. Savelyev (eds.),The Oxford Guide to the Transeurasian Languages. Oxford University Press.  10.1093/oso/9780198804628.003.0001 [pdf]
  • (53) Robbeets, M. (2017) (ed.) Transeurasian linguistics. Volume I The history of the debate. (Routledges Critical Concepts in Linguistics series.) London: Routledge.
  • (54) Robbeets, M. (2017) (ed.) Transeurasian linguistics. Volume II Phonology. (Routledges Critical Concepts in Linguistics series.) London: Routledge.
  • (55) Robbeets, M. (2017) (ed.) Transeurasian linguistics. Volume III Morphosyntax. (Routledges Critical Concepts in Linguistics series.) London: Routledge.
  • (56) Robbeets, M. (2017) (ed.) Transeurasian linguistics. Volume IV Stability and borrowability. (Routledges Critical Concepts in Linguistics series.) London: Routledge.
  • (57) Robbeets, M., Janhunen, J., Savelyev, A. & Korovina, E. (2020). "The homelands of the individual Transeurasian proto-languages". In M. Robbeets & A. Savelyev (eds.), The Oxford Guide to the Transeurasian Languages, pp. 753-771. Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/oso/9780198804628.003.0044 [pdf]
  • (58) Robbeets, M. (2018). Comparative reconstruction in linguistics. Oxford Bibliographies. doi: 10.1093/OBO/9780199772810-0215 [pdf]
  • (59) Robbeets, M. (2017). "Austronesian influence and Transeurasian ancestry in Japanese: A case of farming/language dispersal". Language Dynamics and Change 7(2): 1-42.   [pdf]
  • (60) Robbeets, M. (2017). "Transeurasian core-structures in Turkic". Turkic Languages 21(1): 3-35 [pdf]
  • (61) Robbeets, M. (2017). "Hoe het Japans naar Japan kwam". Uit het Erasmushuis 7: 126-131 [pdf]
  • (62) Robbeets, M. (2017). "The development of finiteness in the Transeurasian languages". Linguistics 55 (3): 2-35. DOI 10.1515/ling-2017-0004.  
  • (63) Robbeets, M. (2017). "Proto-Transeurasian: where and when?". Man in India 95, 921-946. [pdf]
  • (64) Robbeets, M. (2017). "Language Farming Dispersal: Food for thought". In M. Robbeets & A. Savelyev (eds.), Language Dispersal Beyond Farming. Amsterdam: Benjamins. [pdf]
  • (65) Robbeets, M. (2017). "The language of the Transeurasian farmers". In M. Robbeets A. Savelyev (eds.), Language Dispersal Beyond Farming. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 93-116. [pdf]
  • (66) Robbeets, M. (2017). "Like ripples in a pond. Basic vocabulary linking Japonic to Turkic". In Sertkaya, O. F., Eker, S., Şirin, H. & Uçar, E. (eds.), Prof. Dr. Talât Tekin hatïra kitabï [Obituary volume for Prof. Dr. Talât Tekin]. Istanbul: Uluslararasï Türk Akademisi [International Turkic Academy] [pdf]
  • (67) Robbeets, M. (2017). "Japanese, Korean and the Transeurasian languages". In R. Hickey (ed.), The Cambridge Handbook of Areal Linguistics (Cambridge Handbooks in Language and Linguistics.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 586-626. [pdf]
  • (68) Robbeets, M. (2020). "The classification of the Transeurasian languages". In M. Robbeets & A. Savelyev (eds.), The Oxford Guide to the Transeurasian Languages, pp. 31-39. Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/oso/9780198804628.003.0004  [pdf]
  • (69) Robbeets, M. (2020). "Basic vocabulary in the Transeurasian languages". In M. Robbeets & A. Savelyev (eds.), The Oxford Guide to the Transeurasian Languages, pp. 645-649. Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/oso/9780198804628.003.0037  [pdf]
  • (70) Robbeets, M. (2020). "A comparative approach to verbal morphology in Transeurasian". In M. Robbeets & A. Savelyev (eds.), The Oxford Guide to the Transeurasian Languages, pp. 511-521. Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/oso/9780198804628.003.0031 [pdf]
  • (71) Robbeets, M. (2020). "The typological heritage of the Transeurasian languages". In M. Robbeets & A. Savelyev (eds.), The Oxford Guide to the Transeurasian Languages, pp. 127-144. Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/oso/9780198804628.003.0011   [pdf]​
  • (72) Robbeets, M. (2020). "The Transeurasian homeland: Where, what and when?". In M. Robbeets & A. Savelyev (eds.), The Oxford Guide to the Transeurasian Languages, pp. 772-783. Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/oso/9780198804628.003.0045   [pdf]
  • (73) Robbeets, M. (2017). "General introduction to Transeurasian linguistics". In M. Robbeets (ed.), Transeurasian linguistics (Routledges Critical Concepts in Linguistics series). London: Routledge, 1-24.  
  • (74) Robbeets, M. (2017). "The Japanese inflectional paradigm in a Transeurasian perspective". In M. Robbeets (ed.), Transeurasian linguistics (Routledges Critical Concepts in Linguistics series). London: Routledge, 130-164.  
  • (75) Robbeets, M. (2017). "The development of negation in the Transeurasian languages". In M. Robbeets (ed.), Transeurasian linguistics (Routledges Critical Concepts in Linguistics series) London: Routledge, 202-222.   [pdf]
  • (76) Robbeets, M. (2017). Shared verb morphology in the Transeurasian languages: copy or cognate? (Routledges Critical Concepts in Linguistics series). London: Routledge, 136-153.  
  • (77) Robbeets, M. (2016). "Transeurasian basic verbs: Copy or cognate?". In E. Csató, B. Karakoç & A. Menz. The Uppsala Meeting. Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Turkish Linguistics. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 199-212. [pdf]
  • (78) Robbeets, M. & R. Bouckaert (2018). "Bayesian phylolinguistics reveals the internal structure of the Transeurasian family". Journal of Linguistic Evolution 3: 145-162. [pdf]
  • (79) Robbeets, M. & C. C. Wang (2020). "Introduction to special collection "Transeurasian millet and beans, languages and genes"". Evolutionary Human Sciences.
  • (80) Robbeets, Martine, Remco Bouckaert , Matthew Conte, Alexander Savelyev, Tao Li, Deog-Im An, Kenichi Shinoda , Yinqiu Cui , Takamune Kawashima , Geonyoung Kim, Junzo Uchiyama, Joanna Dolińska , Sofia Oskolskaya, Ken-Yōjiro Yamano, Noriko Seguchi , Hirotaka Tomita , Hiroto Takamiya , Hideaki Kanzawa-Kiriyama , Hiroki Oota , Hajime Ishida , Ryosuke Kimura , Takehiro Sato , Jae-Hyun Kim, Rasmus Bjørn , Bingcong Deng , Seongha Rhee, Kyou-Dong Ahn, Ilya Gruntov, Olga Mazo, John Bentley, Ricardo Fernandes , Patrick Roberts , Ilona Bausch , Linda Gilaizeau , Minoru Yoneda , Mitsugu Kugai , Raffaela Bianco , Fan Zhang , Marie Himmel, Mark Hudson &  Chao Ning. (under revision) Triangulation supports agricultural spread of the Transeurasian languages. Nature. Preprint in Nature Portfolio DOI 10.21203/rs.3.rs-255765/v1
  • (81) Robbeets, Martine  (in press)  The Transeurasian Hypothesis. In: Johanson, Lars & Csato, Eva (eds.) Encyclopedia of Turkic Languages and Linguistics. Leiden: Brill
  • (82) Robbeets, Martine (in press)   Transeurasian In: Johanson, Lars & Csato, Eva (eds.) The Turkic Languages, 2nd edition (Routledge Language Family Descriptions) London: Routledge
  • (83) Savelyev, A. (2017). "Farming-related terms in Proto-Turkic and Proto-Altaic". In M. Robbeets & A. Savelyev (eds.), Language dispersal beyond farming. Amsterdam: John Benjamins,123–154.    [pdf]
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