Basira Mir Makhamad

Doctoral Researcher
Department of Archaeology

Main Focus

Basira’s main research focus is to study the origins of woody perennial fruit crops in Central Asia. Using a combination of archaeobotanical and chemical residue analysis data, she hopes to better understand the cultivation and domestication of woody perennials in the region. In addition, this study could have a noticeable contribution to the knowledge of plant trade or exchange in Central Asia. 

Curriculum Vitae

Basira obtained her BA in Anthropology from the American University of Central Asia in 2017. She earned her Erasmus Mundus Joint Master Degree in Archaeological Materials Science (ARCHMAT) from the University of Evora in its HERCULES Laboratory for the Study and Conservation of Cultural Heritage (Portugal), Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (Greece), and Sapienza University of Rome (Italy). 


Gašpar, A., Petřík, J., Fojtík, P., Tsoupra, A., Mir-Makhamad, B., Cardoso, A., . . . Kolář, J. 2022. Beyond Technology: Pottery Reveals Translocal Social Relations at a Bell Beaker Monumental Site in Central Europe. European Journal of Archaeology, 1-21. doi:10.1017/eaa.2022.46

Mir-Makhamad, B., R. Bjørn, S. Stark, and R. N. Spengler. 2022. Pistachio (Pistacia vera) Domestication and Dispersal Out of Central Asia. Agronomy 12: 1758.

Mir-Makhamad, B., V. Parshuto, P. Lurje, A. Pulotov, S. Kurbanov, and R. Spengler. 2022. Земледелие в бассейне среднего Зеравшана: предварительный отчёт об археоботанических исследованиях Пенджикента (Agriculture in the Middle Zarafshan Basin: A Preliminary Paleoethno botanical Study from the Sogdian City of Panjakent. ). Материалы Пенджикентской Археологической Экспедиции. Выпуск XXV, 65–74. The State Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg.

Chang, C., S. S. Ivanov, P. A. Tourtellotte, R. N. Spengler, B. Mir-Makhamad, and D. Kramar. 2022. Ancient Agricultural and Pastoral Landscapes on the South Side of Lake Issyk-Kul: Long-Term Diachronic Analysis of Changing Patterns of Land Use, Climate Change, and Ritual Use in the Juuku and Kizil Suu Valleys. Land 11: 902.

Motuzaite Matuzeviciute, G., B. Mir-Makhamad, and R. N. Spengler. 2021. Interpreting Diachronic Size Variation in Prehistoric Central Asian Cereal Grains. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 9.

Mir-Makhamad, B., S. Mirzaakhmedov, H. Rahmonov, S. Stark, A. Omel’chenko, and R. N. Spengler. 2021. Qarakhanids on the Edge of the Bukhara Oasis: Archaeobotany of Medieval Paykend. Economic Botany.

Motuzaite Matuzeviciute G, Mir-Makhamad B, Tabaldiev K. 2021. First comprehensive archaeobotanical analysis of prehistoric agriculture in Kyrgyzstan. Veg Hist Archaeobot.

Spengler, R. N., S. Stark, X. Zhou, D. Fuks, L. Tang, B. Mir-Makhamad, R. Bjørn, et al. 2021. A Journey to the West: The Ancient Dispersal of Rice Out of East Asia. Rice 14: 83.

Motuzaite Matuzeviciute, G., T. R. Hermes, B. Mir-Makhamad, and K. Tabaldiev. 2020. Southwest Asian cereal crops facilitated high-elevation agriculture in the central Tien Shan during the mid-third millennium BCE P. F. Biehl [ed.],. PLOS ONE 15: e0229372.

Go to Editor View