Dr. Cosimo Posth

Dr. Cosimo Posth

Department of Archaeogenetics
+49 3641 686-622

Main Focus

Leader of the Human Paleogenomics group

My research activity focuses on the study of ancient DNA, a discipline that is able to uncover past genetic diversity not achievable with present-day DNA alone. The main research engagement of my group entails the use of population genetics to answer questions related to human history, within the broad field of Paleo- and Archaeogenetics. We apply molecular biology and computational techniques optimized for the retrieval of ancient DNA from human fossils to expand our understanding of the population dynamics that accompanied the dispersal of Neanderthals and modern humans throughout Eurasia. Moreover, my group explores the genetic landscape of populations that first settled new geographical regions – such as South East Asia, the Southwest Pacific and the Americas – and the processes that shaped their genomic make-up through time.

Curriculum Vitae

  • Chemistry Diploma, I.T.I.S. Tullio Buzzi, Prato, Italy (2001-2006).

  • Bachelor in Natural Sciences, University of Florence, Italy (2006-2010).

  • Master in Anthropological Sciences, University of Florence, Italy (2010-2012).

  • Doctoral dissertation in Archaeological Sciences, Eberhard Karls University Tuebingen, Germany (2013-2016). Thesis title: ‘Paleogenetic investigations of hominin diversity and dispersals in Eurasian prehistory’. 

  • Post-Doctoral researcher at the Department of Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Jena, Germany (2017-May 2019). 

  • Group Leader ‘Human Paleogenomics’ at the Department of Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Jena, Germany (since June 2019).

Selected publications

The complete list of my publications can be found in Google Scholar

  • Marcus, J. H.*, Posth, C.*, Ringbauer, H.*, et al. (2019) 'Population history from the Neolithic to present on the Mediterranean island of Sardinia: An ancient DNA perspective', BioRxiv, pp. 583104.

  • Feldman, M., Fernandez-Dominguez, E., Reynolds, L., Baird, D., Pearson, J., Hershkovitz, I., May, H., Goring-Morris, N., Benz, M., Gresky, J., Bianco, R. A., Fairbairn, A., Mustafaoglu, G., Stockhammer, P. W., Posth, C., Haak, W., Jeong, C. and Krause, J. (2019) 'Late Pleistocene human genome suggests a local origin for the first farmers of central Anatolia', Nat Commun, 10(1), pp. 1218.

  • Villalba-Mouco, V., van de Loosdrecht, M. S., Posth, C.et al. (2019) 'Survival of Late Pleistocene Hunter-Gatherer Ancestry in the Iberian Peninsula', Curr Biol, 29(7), pp. 1169-1177 e7.

  • Posth, C.*, Nakatsuka, N.*, Lazaridis, I., et al. (2018) 'Reconstructing the Deep Population History of Central and South America', Cell, 175(5), pp. 1185-1197 e22.

  • Amorim, C. E. G.*, Vai, S.*, Posth, C.*, et al. (2018) 'Understanding 6th-century barbarian social organization and migration through paleogenomics', Nat Commun, 9(1), pp. 3547.

  • van de Loosdrecht, M., Bouzouggar, A., Humphrey, L., Posth, C., et al.  (2018) 'Pleistocene North African genomes link Near Eastern and sub-Saharan African human populations', Science, 360(6388), pp. 548-552.

  • Posth, C.*, Nagele, K.*, Colleran, H., et al. (2018) 'Language continuity despite population replacement in Remote Oceania', Nat Ecol Evol, 2, pp. 731-740.

  • Mathieson, I., Alpaslan-Roodenberg, S., Posth, C.et al. (2018) 'The genomic history of southeastern Europe', Nature, 555, pp. 197-203.

  • Key, F. M., Posth, C., Krause, J., Herbig, A. and Bos, K. I. (2017) 'Mining Metagenomic Data Sets for Ancient DNA: Recommended Protocols for Authentication', Trends in Genetics, 33(8), pp. 508-520.

  • Posth, C., Wissing, C., Kitagawa, K., et al. (2017) 'Deeply divergent archaic mitochondrial genome provides lower time boundary for African gene flow into Neanderthals', Nature Communications, 8.

  • Skoglund, P., Posth, C., Sirak, K., et al. (2016) 'Genomic insights into the peopling of the Southwest Pacific', Nature, 538(7626), pp. 510-513.

  • Fu, Q. M., Posth, C.*, Hajdinjak*, et al. (2016) 'The genetic history of Ice Age Europe', Nature, 534(7606), pp. 200-205.

  • Posth, C., Renaud, G., Mittnik, A., et al. (2016) 'Pleistocene Mitochondrial Genomes Suggest a Single Major Dispersal of Non-Africans and a Late Glacial Population Turnover in Europe', Current Biology, 26(6), pp. 827-33.

* Contributed equally to the study

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